Empowerment is creating a workplace where every employee feels they have the power to make some key decisions that make their jobs without the need or dependence to consult their movements all the time with your boss.
Empowerment is creating a work environment that allows each individual to work according to their maximum capabilities. Employees thrive on opportunities to apply their skills in new and challenging experiences.
The World Bank definition on empowerment says: What is the process of increasing the capacity of individuals or groups to make decisions that turn into desired actions and outcomes. The most important of this process are actions that build individual and collective achievements, improving the efficiency and fairness of the organizational context.
In the literature on empowerment, this word is also associated with decentralization, decentralized decision making, leadership.
The delegation has to do primarily with distributing authority at various levels of organizational hierarchy. Empowerment on the other hand, goes beyond the delegation by allowing individuals and teams achieve results. The delegation has its origin in the traditional market dynamics where stability was the norm. The ability to produce the company was more important than the taste and preferences of customers. The power to delegate authority and assign meant the same time set boundaries. Today, the empowerment is a duty that exists more and more companies operate in highly competitive markets where rapid and customization is basic needs.
The empowerment resulting in increased motivation through the tasks are performed within a framework of greater autonomy and opportunities to develop personal initiative, creativity, creating a professional development commensurate with the capabilities of each. This autonomy leads to internal democratization and horizontality of the company and many decisions are made by the same employees in the operation. For its part, the delegation is a much more structured.
It’s a way to distribute tasks to one or more persons, each person responsible for that part of the job. The delegation may exist in an environment of empowerment or in an environment without empowerment. Delegation is the ultimate approach to manage and train people with high skills and desire to perform a specific task. It is the traditional technique for the management to achieve that thing done according to a procedure, constant supervision and responsibility of the task falls to the delegated.
In contrast empowerment is a smooth, continuous finish that does not finish the task. It’s about management by objectives, trust and words are teamwork and leadership. The delegation was not against empowerment; both approaches often coexist in most organizations. Delegation is not sufficient in itself to compete in today’s dynamic environment. HR professionals must work towards developing a culture of empowerment so that people will have to exercise the authority delegated to them.